Supportive toilet seats 
These are seats which may incorporates a backrest, side support and a lap strap or harness. They either clamp to the WC or are freestanding.

When considering a supportive toilet seats you may wish to bear in mind the they can be inconvenient for other family members. Consider also that the size and shape of the aperture may affect your for comfort and an oval shape is usually preferred. Think about where you will store a portable seat when it is not in use.?

Toilet seat risers 
Raising the height of a toilet seat can make it so much easier to use independently. 
There are various ways to achieve this, for example, a straightforward raised seat is a relatively inexpensive product which fits directly onto a standard WC – replacing the existing seat. Additional height from two to six inches, depending on the model selected can be achieved.

If there are users who need more help toilet raisers are powered by either mains electricity or rechargeable batteries could be the answer.
There are various models offering differing degrees of assistance. Some just tilt the seat forwards, to give a gentle boost to the user as they attempt to rise; while others also rise and lower in height, so that anyone who is unable to bend unaided at the hip or knee can be supported from and back to standing height.

Toilet bidet adaptations
The range of bidet toilet seats are now available which provide the features associated with a bidet. By combining the bidet and toilet in a single unit, you save the need for a transfer from one to the other, and also save space, which is often limited in a bathroom. Remote control units, supplied with top of the range bidet seats, enable more people with limited mobility and dexterity to use the toilet in privacy. 

Perching stools 
These light weight, tall stools position the user in a semi-standing position. They have a sloping seat and are suitable for people who can take some of their weight on their legs. They are usually height adjustable and have a variety of support, depending on the type of backrest and armrests. The armrests can help with getting up from sitting.

Perching stools can be very helpful in conserving energy and maintaining independence. They do take up space, so storage needs to be considered.

Shower chairs and seats
There is a good choice of shower chairs to meet different needs. All have been designed to wheel into a shower enclosure, where the user can remain seated while they wash. Corrosion resistance is obviously a key feature.

There are self-propelled and carer-assisted models. Ease of manoeuvring in a confined space is important, as well as features such as wipe-clean waterproof covers. Depending on individual needs, armrests and footrests may be required. Any armrest should lift out of the way for side transfers.
Many ambulant users also find it much easier to shower sitting down. For these people, a shower stool is ideal, and there are many to choose from, either installed or free-standing.

A free-standing stool can be removed from the enclosure when not required, though space will be needed to store it when it is not in use. 

Some wall-mounted seats are designed to fold away against the wall so that they are out of the way when not in use. They need to be fitted to a substantial wall.
Whether wall-mounted or free-standing, it is important that the stool is sturdy enough to support the user safely. in the case of a wall-mounted seat, this means ensuring that the fixings are adequate, and that the wall it is attached to is strong enough to offer support. Legs at the front reinforce the strength of the seat. Many people need armrests to push against to help them stand up - again, these will take considerable pressure, and need to be sturdy.

Seats can be simply slatted, in wood or plastic, or may be padded to offer more comfort and relief from pressure. Centre hole and horseshoe shapes are also available.